Gum disease (also known as periodontal disease) affects nearly half of the US adult population. Gum disease is a chronic inflammatory disease that affects gum tissues and bone supporting the teeth. It can cause teeth to loosen and lead to tooth loss. Although symptoms of gum disease are often subtle, certain signs may point to some form of the disease.
1. Bad breath
Persistent bad breath or bad taste in the mouth can be a sign of gum disease. If you don't brush or floss your teeth daily, food particles get stuck in your teeth, promoting bacterial growth in your mouth. This will cause bad breath. If not treated, the buildup of plaque on your teeth can cause toxins to form and lead to gum disease.
2. Swollen gums
One of the most common signs of gum disease are swollen gums around the tooth that may bleed when you brush or floss. Not brushing and flossing regularly (or properly) allows food and bacteria to become lodged between teeth and gums. If not removed, dental plaque may form and cause an inflammatory response in the gums.
3. Gum recession
Poor oral hygiene can cause your gums to look inflamed and your gum line to look lower around some teeth than around others. Receding gums become a health concern when the roots of the teeth become exposed, leaving the teeth at risk of decay, infection, gum disease, and tooth loss.
4. Tooth sensitivity
If you experience pain and tooth sensitivity when drinking hot or cold beverages, it may be a sign of gum recession and tooth root exposure. As mentioned above, gum recession could be a sign of gum disease.
5. Tooth mobility
During a more progressive stage of gum disease (periodontitis), the plaque on your teeth hardens, causing the gums to pull away from the teeth and creating gaps that may become infected. The bone and gum tissues that hold your teeth in place become damaged. As a result, your teeth can become loose and eventually fall out.
If you are experiencing any of the above symptoms, it may be time to see a dentist. Make an appointment with us by calling (925) 705-7093, or request an appointment online.