Bleeding Gums: Causes, Treatment, Prevention

GSD- Bleeding-Gums-Causes-Treament-Prevention-Dental-BLOG-11.30.23 (1)Do you find yourself dealing with frequent gum bleeding? If so, it could indicate various issues from the wrong brushing technique or an unhealthy lifestyle, to more serious dental conditions like gum disease. In this blog post, we will delve into the various causes of bleeding gums, as well as explore treatment options and prevention methods.


There are several causes of bleeding gums that individuals should be aware of.

1. Gum Disease

One common cause is gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, which occurs due to the accumulation of plaque on the teeth. Plaque is a sticky film of bacteria that forms on the teeth and gums, and if it is not removed through regular brushing and flossing, it can irritate the gums and lead to inflammation and bleeding.

2. Aggressive Brushing 

Another cause of bleeding gums is aggressive brushing or using a toothbrush with hard bristles. Brushing too forcefully can damage the delicate gum tissue, causing it to bleed. It is important to be gentle when brushing, using a soft-bristle toothbrush and applying light pressure.

3. Pregnancy Hormones

In some cases, hormonal changes during pregnancy can also cause gums to become more sensitive and prone to bleeding. This condition is known as pregnancy gingivitis and usually resolves after childbirth.

4. Certain Medications

Certain medications, such as blood thinners, can increase the risk of bleeding gums. These medications interfere with the blood's ability to clot, making gums more susceptible to bleeding.

5. Poor Nutrition

Poor nutrition can also contribute to bleeding gums. A lack of essential vitamins and minerals, particularly vitamin C, can weaken the gums and make them more prone to bleeding.

6. Smoking

Lastly, smoking is a significant risk factor for gum disease and can cause gums to bleed. Smoking weakens the immune system and reduces blood flow to the gums, making it harder for them to heal and fight off infections.

Understanding the causes of bleeding gums is essential for taking appropriate preventive measures, as well as finding the right treatment. 


Treatment for bleeding gums may vary depending on the underlying cause. In most cases, improving oral hygiene habits can help reduce bleeding and promote gum health. Here are some common treatment options:

1. Deep Cleaning

A dental professional can perform a deep cleaning procedure called scaling and root planing to remove plaque and tartar buildup from the teeth and gums. This can help reduce inflammation and bleeding.

2. Antibacterial Mouthwash

Using an antibacterial mouthwash can help kill bacteria and reduce gum inflammation. Your dentist may recommend a specific mouthwash or prescribe an antimicrobial rinse to help control gum disease.

3. Medications

In some cases, your dentist may prescribe medications to treat gum disease. These may include antibiotics to control infection or antimicrobial gels or mouth rinses to reduce inflammation.

4. Dental Procedures

If gum disease has progressed to a more advanced stage, your dentist may recommend additional treatments such as gum surgery or gum grafting to repair and restore damaged gum tissue.

5. Lifestyle Changes

Quitting smoking and improving your overall oral health habits can greatly contribute to the treatment of bleeding gums. Smoking cessation can help improve blood flow to the gums and enhance the body's ability to heal.

6. Nutritional Supplements

If poor nutrition is contributing to bleeding gums, your dentist may recommend supplements, particularly vitamin C, to strengthen the gums and support overall gum health.

Remember, treatment for bleeding gums should be tailored to your specific needs and the severity of your gum disease. It's essential to consult with a dental professional in Walnut Creek for a comprehensive evaluation and personalized treatment plan. 


Remember, maintaining good oral hygiene is essential for overall health!  Taking care of your gums now will save you from potential problems later. 

To minimize the occurrence of bleeding gums, we suggest to do the following: 

1. Be gentle: Use a soft-bristle toothbrush and be mindful not to brush too hard.
2. Don't skip flossing: Daily flossing helps remove plaque and bacteria from between your teeth, reducing the risk of gum disease. 
3. Rinse with mouthwash: An antibacterial mouthwash can further assist in keeping your gums healthy and reducing bleeding. 
4. Visit your dentist: Regular visits to the dentist for professional cleanings and check-ups are crucial to maintain optimal gum health. 

If you are concerned about bleeding gums, please call our Walnut Creek office for a dental appointment at (925) 705-7093 or request an appointment online. 

Request an appointment  < Request>

Tags: brushing gingivitis plaque deep cleaning periodontal disease dental hygiene dental health gum disease bleeding gums smoking